from The Century Dictionary.
- In phytogeography, having coriaceous leaves: said of vegetation; favorable to vegetation with such leaves: said of conditions. Sclerophyllous plants are found in all xerophytic formations, but are commonest in mild temperate regions with wet winters and dry summers. See
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective Being a
sclerophyll, a hard leaved plant adapted to arid climate.
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At the higher elevations, the subhumid forest, also referred to as sclerophyllous montane forest, holds canopy trees that are 10 to 12 m in height, including species from the families Rubiaceae, Lauraceae, Verbenaceae and Ericaceae.
The vegetation on these nutrient-poor soils is sclerophyllous low scrub or low forest with a more open canopy.
Of particular botanical interest are the white clay soils in the region of Bajo Calima in Colombia, which are associated with the gigantic sclerophyllous leafed and unusually large fruited vegetation.
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests
The distinctive flora of the Cape Floral Region, comprising 80% of its floristic richness, is a sclerophyllous shrubland known as fynbos (fine bush), a fine-leaved vegetation adapted to both the Mediterranean type of climate and to periodic fires and defined by location or dominant species such as coastal, mountain or grassy or proteoid fynbos.
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests
At higher elevations, the typical Mediterranean sclerophyllous vegetation grades up to Nothofagus forest.
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests
There are also numerous adaptation examples of succulent sclerophyllous species with photosynthetic stalks or bark, short and synchronous flowering periods, and large deep roots all.
These communities, usually dominated by sclerophyllous shrubs of the family Ericaceae, occur on the higher mountains above the forest zone in a range of moisture and substrate conditions, although examples may be found at lower elevations in areas of shallow soil and frequent mists.