from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun biochemistry a
phospholipid, derived from sphingosineand choline, found in nerve tissue
Sorry, no etymologies found.
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Adams CP, Opsahl S, Septier D, Bishop CE, et al. (2005) A deletion in the gene encoding sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 3 (Smpd3) results in osteogenesis and dentinogenesis imperfecta in the mouse.
However, unlike what is the case in the vast majority of OI cases, fro/fro mice do not display any detectable collagen synthesis defect, thereby suggesting that sphingomyelin degradation may be a key factor regulating formation and mineralization of the bone matrix, independent of collagen production
Plasma sphingomyelin was analyzed using a commercial kit (Cayman Chemical, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA).
I. Consumption of human complement associated with the reaction of C-reactive protein with pneumococcal C-polysaccharide and with the choline phosphatides, lecithin and sphingomyelin.
Membrane structures that require choline include phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin.
F, Chevy F, Rolland C, Barbaras R, et al. (2002) Coupled assay of sphingomyelin and ceramide molecular species by gas liquid chromatography.
Albi E, Cataldi S, Villani M, Perrella G. Nuclear phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin metabolism of thyroid cells changes during stratospheric balloon flight.
Many of these foods contain not only choline itself, but also other forms of the vitamin including lecithin (phosphatidylcholine) and sphingomyelin.
A parallel biochemical study of liver lipids revealed a near normalization of the levels of unesterified cholesterol and sphingomyelin, as well as of bis (monoacylglycero) phosphate (BMP) and neutral glycolipids (glucosylceramide and lactosylceramide) in chronic CD-treated
BMP: bis (monoacylglycero) phosphate; Sph: sphingomyelin.
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