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  • Some 12.5% are vagrant or passage migrants including the spot-billed pelican Pelicanus phillipensis (VU) and the greater adjutant Leptoptilos dubius (EN).

    Dong Phayayan Khao-Yai Forest Complex, Thailand

  • Many larger birds probably disappeared simultaneously with the mammals, so there are no historical nest records of spot-billed pelicans or adjutant storks, although it is likely that the ecoregion once included the huge waterbird rookeries described by Oates for the Sittang plain in Burma.

    Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests

  • Other large waterbirds including painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala), spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), and black-headed ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus), which probably formerly bred, are annual visitors, probably entering the country from Cambodia.

    Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests

  • The hotspot also holds several widespread threatened waterbird species, including the spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis, VU) and the lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus, VU).

    Biological diversity in the Western Ghats and Sri Lanka

  • The spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) is a globally threatened species.

    Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests

  • The Jerdon's courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus) is endangered, and the spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) and lesser florican (Eupodotis indica) are globally threatened.

    East Deccan dry-evergreen forests

  • The globally threatened spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) and lesser florican (Eupodotis indica) are also part of the ecoregion's bird community.

    North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests

  • Included in this assemblage are the lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), Storm's stork (Ciconia stormi), white-winged wood duck (Cairina scutulata), and spot-billed pelican (Pelicanus philippensis).

    Indochina mangroves

  • The nearest approach to a generalisation which it is possible to make is that the egrets and paddy-birds are usually the first of the monsoon breeders to begin nest-building, while the spot-billed duck, the whistling teal and the bronze-winged jacana are the last.

    A Bird Calendar for Northern India

  • A remnant of the spot-billed pelicans in south-east Asia escaped to Assam and South India.

    The Hindu - Front Page


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