Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Exercising surveillance.
  • n. One that exercises surveillance.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. overseeing; watchful

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who watches over another; an overseer; a spy; a supervisor.
  • adj. Overseeing; watchful.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Keeping watch over another or others; overseeing; observant; watchful.
  • n. One who keeps watch over another; a supervisor or overseer; also, a spy.

Etymologies

French, present participle of surveiller, to watch over : sur-, over (from Old French; see sur-) + veiller, to watch (from Old French veillier, from Latin vigilāre, from vigil, watchful; see weg- in Indo-European roots).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
French (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • It was almost as if his surveillant had read his mind today.

    A Flag Full of Stars

  • He made the acquaintance there of La Provostaye who was at the time a surveillant and who became his lifelong friend and his associate in his researches.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 4: Clandestinity-Diocesan Chancery

  • "You will be the only lady, not the wife or daughter of an official of the place, who has ever entered at this gate, mademoiselle," he remarked as the key of the surveillant grated in the lock.

    The Castle Of The Shadows

  • Que fit le surveillant général lorsque je lui fus présenté?

    Le Petit Chose (part 1) Histoire d'un Enfant

  • M.ssieurs, leur dit le surveillant général en me désignant, voici M. Daniel Eyssette, votre nouveau collègue.

    Le Petit Chose (part 1) Histoire d'un Enfant

  • Adaptiv uses the reliance on thermals in the battlefield against adversaries by manipulating these hot and cold readings to deceive the surveillant.

    FOXNews.com

  • Britain is a world leader in CCTV cameras, keeping a policing and surveillant eye on its public.

    Blogging Change

  • A new Obama administration would be a timely opportunity to re-examine some of the surveillant practices of the last few years, and in particular the clandestine surveillance on Americans performed by the government (warrantless wiretapping). one in the New York Times by Eric Lichblau and James Risen (who broke the warrantless wiretapping story in 2005, forcing the Bush administration to admit it was breaking the law) and one at

    Foucault blog

  • a dozen of the eldest succeeded in obtaining leave, and I was commissioned to accompany them as surveillant.

    The Professor, by Charlotte Bronte

  • Un instance énonciatif muet, sans corporalité, sans réactions, totalement neutre, mais surveillant et dont le rôle principale semble a être d’écouter la parole de la dépression.

    SARAH KANE: LA PAROLE QUI TUE, LA PAROLE QUI AFFECTE

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