from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun philosophy that area of the
soulwhere feelings of pride, shameetc are located
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Without the sense of pride and the love of struggle that Fukuyama, following Plato, calls thymos, men-and there is always an implication that thymos is a specifically masculine virtue-cannot establish freedom or protect it:
Maggie's Farm 2009
The logos (mind), thymos (emotion, ego) and pathos (animist appetites).
Plato famously divided the soul into three parts: reason, eros (desire) and thymos (the hunger for recognition).
March 2006 2006
As Jeffrey Walker describes it, the enthymeme works from "a network of oppositions" toward a "passional identification" worthy of its root meaning, thymos as heart.
I mean, I think when you understand these great entrepreneurs or founders of big industrial empires -- what's going on is not simply -- as is commonly portrayed -- greedy people wanting more and more, I mean it really comes out of this part of the soul that's called thymos.
FUKUYAMA: Well, thymos -- it's a Greek word that comes from Plato that represents a certain part of the or to put it in modern terms, it's a part of the personality, or a part of the human psyche that precisely demands recognition.
But Plato says that there's a third part of the soul which is thymos, which essentially is, in a way, a source of self-esteem, it's the valuing part of the soul.
LAMB: Tell me if I'm pronouncing this right, because you use this a lot, is it thymos?
Megalos in Greece means great and thymia refers to thymos and megalothymia means the desire to be recognized as greater than other people, and in my view, this is in a way the sense of both things that are good about politics and the things that are bad about it because a tyrant is in a way, a prototype of the person that wants to be recognized as greater.
These two dissimilar parts are connected by an intermediate element called by Plato _thymos_ or courage, implying the emotions or affections of the heart.
Christianity and Ethics A Handbook of Christian Ethics Archibald B. C. Alexander