from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A landlocked country of central Europe. Settled by Celtic tribes, the region was conquered (15 B.C.-A.D. 10) by the Romans and later (8th century) by Charlemagne, who made it a border state of the Carolingian Empire. In the 13th century, Austria passed to the Hapsburg family and remained the core of their vast holdings until the dissolution of Austria-Hungary in 1918, when Austria became a republic. Annexed by Adolf Hitler in 1938, Austria regained full sovereignty in 1955. Vienna is the capital and the largest city. Population: 8,200,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A country in Central Europe, a member state of the European Union. Official name: Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich).
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century
From Latin Austria; a Latinization of Germanic ostar ("eastern"), from Proto-Germanic *austra (“eastern”), from the Proto-Indo-European *aus- (“to shine”) (see aurora, dawn). The Latin is short for (Marchia) austriaca ("eastern borderland"). More at eastern. (Wiktionary)