from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Formerly Con·stan·ti·no·ple (kŏnˌstăn-tə-nōˈpəl)Istanbul The largest city of Turkey, in the northwest part of the country on both sides of the Bosporus at its entrance into the Sea of Marmara. Founded c. 660 B.C. as Byzantium, it was renamed Constantinople in A.D. 330 by Constantine the Great, who made it the capital of the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire. The city was sacked by Crusaders in 1204 and taken by the Turks in 1453. Istanbul was chosen as the official name in 1930. Population: 8,800,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Largest city of Turkey and last capital of Ottoman Empire.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- proper n. A city in European Turkey, built on the site of ancient Byzantium. It is the former capital of the Turkish Empire, known as Constantinople before being captured by the Turks.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church
The name Istanbul was given to the city of Constantinople after the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. The word is a bastardization of the Byzantine Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tēn Polin, "to the City"), which is how Constantinople was referred to by the local Greeks. (Wiktionary)