from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A city-state of ancient Greece in the southeast Peloponnesus. Settled by Dorian Greeks, it was noted for its militarism and reached the height of its power in the sixth century B.C. A protracted rivalry with Athens led to the Peloponnesian Wars (460-404) and Sparta's hegemony over all of Greece. Its ascendancy was broken by Thebans in 371.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. An ancient city-state in southern Greece, noted for its strict military training.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; the dominant city of the Peloponnesus prior to the 4th century BC
From Doric Ancient Greek Σπάρτα (Spártā) (Attic Σπάρτη (Spártē)). (Wiktionary)