from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A chief judge in the Turkish empire.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A chief judge in the Turkish empire, so named originally because his jurisdiction extended to the cases of soldiers, who are now tried only by their own officers.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. See kadilesker.
Arabic, judge + the army, because his jurisdiction originally extended to military cases. (Wiktionary)