from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To deprive of the right of church membership by ecclesiastical authority.
- transitive v. To exclude by or as if by decree from membership or participation in a group.
- n. A person who has been excommunicated.
- adj. Having been excommunicated.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Excommunicated.
- n. A person so excluded.
- v. To officially exclude someone from membership of a church or religious community.
- v. To exclude from any other group; to banish.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Excommunicated; interdicted from the rites of the church.
- transitive v. To put out of communion; especially, to cut off, or shut out, from communion with the church, by an ecclesiastical sentence.
- transitive v. To lay under the ban of the church; to interdict.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Eccles., to cut off by an ecclesiastical sentence, either from the sacraments of the church or from all fellowship and intercourse with its members. See excommunication.
- Hence To expel from and deprive of the privileges of membership in any association.
- To prohibit on pain of excommunication.
- Cut off from communion; excommunicated.
- n. One who is excommunicated; one cut off from any privilege.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. oust or exclude from a group or membership by decree
- v. exclude from a church or a religious community
Middle English excommunicaten, from Late Latin excommūnicāre, excommūnicāt- : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin commūnicāre, to share (from commūnis, common; see common).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Late Latin excommunicātus, perfect passive participle of excommunicō ("put out of the community"). (Wiktionary)