from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Located beneath or below; lower or under: the nether regions of the earth.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Lower; under.
- adj. Lying beneath, or conceived as lying beneath, the Earth’s surface.
- adv. Down; downward.
- adv. Low; low down.
- v. To bring or thrust down; bring or make low; lower; abase; humble.
- v. To constrict; straiten; confine; restrict; suppress; lay low; keep under; press in upon; vex; harass; oppress.
- v. To pinch or stunt with cold or hunger; check in growth; shrivel; straiten.
- v. To shrink or huddle, as with cold; be shivery; tremble.
- v. To depreciate; disparage; undervalue.
- n. Oppression; stress; a withering or stunting influence.
- n. A trouble; a fault or dislocation in a seam of coal.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Situated down or below; lying beneath, or in the lower part; having a lower position; belonging to the region below; lower; under; -- opposed to
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Downward; down.
- Lower; under: opposed to upper: as, the nether millstone.
- . Pertaining to the regions here below; earthly.
- Pertaining to the lower regions or hell; infernal.
- To bring low; humiliate.
- n. A variant of nedder, nadder, adder.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. located below or beneath something else
- adj. lower
- adj. dwelling beneath the surface of the earth
Middle English, from Old English neothera, from neother, down.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English nether, nethere, nithere, from Old English niþera ("lower, under, lowest", adjective), from niþer, niþor ("below, beneath, down, downwards, lower, in an inferior position", adv), from Proto-Germanic *niþer, *niþra (“down”), from Proto-Indo-European *ni-, *nei- (“in, down”); akin to Old Saxon adjective nithiri ("nether"), adverb nithar ("down"), Old High German adjective nidari, nidaro ("nether"), adverb nidar ("down") (see German nieder), Old Dutch nither (see Dutch neder) Old Norse adjective neðri, neðarri ("nether"), adverb niðr ("down"); all from a Germanic word that is a comparative of a word akin to Sanskrit नि (ni, "down") and Albanian nën ("under, in") from *nënd, compound of në ("in") + dhe ("earth"), lit. in, under the earth; akin to Old English in. (Wiktionary)
Alteration of earlier nither, from Middle English nitheren, from Old English niþerian (" to depress, abase, bring low, humiliate, oppress, accuse, condemn"), from Old English niþer ("below, beneath, down, downwards, lower, in an inferior position"). See above. (Wiktionary)