from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A European songbird (Luscinia megarhynchos) with reddish-brown plumage, noted for the melodious song of the male at night during the breeding season.
- n. Any of various other nocturnal songbirds of the genus Luscinia.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A European songbird, Luscinia megarhynchos, of the family Turdidae.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A small, plain, brown and gray European song bird (Luscinia megarhynchos syn. Luscinia luscinia). It sings at night, and is celebrated for the sweetness of its song.
- n. A larger species (Lucinia philomela), of Eastern Europe, having similar habits; the thrush nightingale. The name is also applied to other allied species.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A small sylviine bird of Europe, Asia, and Africa, belonging to the order Passeres, the suborder Oscines, the family Sylviidæ, and the genus Daulias.
- n. Some bird which sings sweetly and hence is likened to or mistaken for a nightingale.
- n. A sort of flannel scarf, with sleeves, designed to be worn by persons confined to bed. It was largely used by the sick and wounded in the Franco-German war, 1870–1.
- n. A title popularly given to Jenny Lind, the famous Swedish singer.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. English nurse remembered for her work during the Crimean War (1820-1910)
- n. European songbird noted for its melodious nocturnal song
Middle English, from Old English nihtegale : niht, night; see night + galan, to sing.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English and Middle English nihtgale ("one who sings during the night") (Wiktionary)