from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The view that all matter has consciousness.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The doctrine that all matter has a mental aspect. (Many panpsychists employ the qualification that only “true individuals” are animated; that is, that things like atoms, molecules, and organisms are animated as atoms, molecules, and organisms, whereas things like rocks, tables, and boots are not animated as themselves, although they do comprise animate elements.)
- n. A specific panpsychist doctrine or system.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The theory that all nature is psychical or has a psychical aspect; the theory that every particle of matter has a psychical character or aspect.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrine that the entire universe, or any least subdivision of it, has a mental as well as a physical side or aspect, and that the mental side stands to the physical (for instance, in the atom), precisely as human consciousness stands to the human body. Panpsychism may be monistic, reducing all reality to ultimate mental terms, or dualistic; and, if the latter, may receive an interactionist or a parallelistic interpretation. It is represented in ancient philosophy by hylozoism, has persisted in various forms throughout the history of philosophy, and finds acceptance among the moderns, for example, with G. T. Fechner.
Formed by the prefixation of pan- + psychism after the German Panpsychismus (1874), itself after the Latin pampsychia (1591). Compare the Ancient Greek πάμψυχος (pampsukhos, "in full life") and the Modern Greek παμψυχισμός (pampsychismós, "panpsychism"). (Wiktionary)