from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. part of a spinning wheel, a conical spool onto which the thread is wound from the spindle
- n. A honey buzzard; Pernis apivorus.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To take profit of; to make profitable.
- n. The honey buzzard.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To turn to profit; sell.
- n. A kite of the genus Pernis or some related genus; a honey-buzzard.
Presumably from a verb pern, a variant of preen, from Middle English prene; pernyng is read by some editors in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (v. 611) and interpreted as the present participle of this verb, also reflected dialectally as pirn ("reel; bobbin") (Charles Moorman, The Works of the Gawain-Poet, 2009, p. 324) See also pirl. (Wiktionary)
19th century, after the taxonomical name Pernis (Cuvier 1816). (Wiktionary)