from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of several tropical Asian trees of the genus Santalum, especially S. album, having aromatic yellowish heartwood used in cabinetmaking and wood carving and yielding an oil used in perfumery.
- n. Any of several tropical Asian trees of the genera Adenanthera, Myroporum, and Pterocarpus.
- n. The wood of any of these trees.
- n. A light to moderate or grayish brown.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of various tropical trees of the genus Santalum, native to India, Australia, Hawaii, and many south Pacific islands.
- n. The aromatic heartwood of these trees used in ornamental carving, in the construction of insect-repellent boxes and chests, and as a source of certain perfumes.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The highly perfumed yellowish heartwood of an East Indian and Polynesian tree (Santalum album), and of several other trees of the same genus, as the Hawaiian Santalum Freycinetianum and S. pyrularium, the Australian S. latifolium, etc. The name is extended to several other kinds of fragrant wood.
- n. Any tree of the genus Santalum, or a tree which yields sandalwood.
- n. The red wood of a kind of buckthorn, used in Russia for dyeing leather (Rhamnus Dahuricus).
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The fragrant wood of the heart and roots of a tree of several species belonging to the genus Santalum; also, the tree itself.
- n. Another East Indian tree, Adenanthera pavonina, with red wood, used as a dyestuff and otherwise. See Adenanthera.
- n. In Australia, a small tree, Mida persicaria.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. close-grained fragrant yellowish heartwood of the true sandalwood; has insect repelling properties and is used for carving and cabinetwork
Middle English sandell, saundres, from Old French sandale, from Medieval Latin sandalum, from Ancient Greek σαγάλινος (santalinos, "of sandalwood"), from σάνδανον (sandanon), from Sanskrit (Wiktionary)