from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
- n. The condition resulting from a sprain.
- transitive v. To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining; as, a bad sprain of the wrist.
- v. To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle, by sudden and excessive exertion, as by wrenching; to overstrain, or stretch injuriously, but without luxation; as, to sprain one's ankle.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle, by sudden and excessive exertion, as by wrenching; to overstrain, or stretch injuriously, but without luxation.
- n. The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To press; push.
- To overstrain, as the muscles or ligaments of a joint so as to injure them, but without luxation or dislocation.
- n. A violent straining or wrenching of the soft parts surrounding a joint, without dislocation.
- n. The injury caused by spraining; a sprained joint.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. twist suddenly so as to sprain
- n. a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
Origin unknown.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
1601, verb attested 1622. Possibly from Middle French espraindre ("to press out, to wring"), from Latin exprimere, in which case cognate to express. (Wiktionary)