from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To call together; convene.
  • transitive v. To request to appear; send for. See Synonyms at call.
  • transitive v. Law To order to appear in court by the issuance of a summons.
  • transitive v. To order to take a specified action; bid: summon the captain to surrender.
  • transitive v. To call forth; evoke: "He summoned up a smile, though it seemed to take all his strength” ( Colin Turnbull).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To call people together; to convene.
  • v. To ask someone to come; to send for.
  • v. To order someone to appear in court, especially by issuing a summons.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transitive v. To call, bid, or cite; to notify to come to appear; -- often with up.
  • transitive v. To give notice to, or command to appear, as in court; to cite by authority.
  • transitive v. To call upon to surrender, as a fort.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To call, cite, or notify by authority to appear at a place specified, to attend in person to some public duty, or to assume a certain rank or dignity; especially, to command to appear in court: as, to summon a jury; to summon witnesses.
  • To call; send for; ask the presence or attendance of, literally or figuratively.
  • To call on to do some specified act; warn; especially, to call upon to surrender: as, to summon a fort.
  • To arouse; excite into action or exertion; raise: with up.
  • Synonyms and Invite, Convoke, etc. (see call), convene, assemble.
  • n. An invitation, request, or order.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. call in an official matter, such as to attend court
  • v. ask to come
  • v. make ready for action or use
  • v. gather or bring together


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English somonen, from Old French somondre, from Vulgar Latin *summonere, from Latin summonēre, to remind privately, hint to : sub-, secretly; see sub- + monēre, to warn; see men-1 in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Anglo-Norman somoundre, from Old French sumundre, from Vulgar Latin *summundre, from Latin summonere, itself from sub + monere.



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