Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A member of the left-wing majority group of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that adopted Lenin's theses on party organization in 1903.
  • n. A member of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that seized power in that country in November 1917.
  • n. A member of a Marxist-Leninist party or a supporter of one; a Communist.
  • n. An extreme radical: a literary bolshevik.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A Russian communist revolutionary, member of the Bolshevik Party in the 1917 Communist Revolution of Russia.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. a member of the extreme left wing of the Social Democratic Party that seized power in Russia in 1917 after the Russian October Revolution, and advocated rule by the proletariat and state ownership of property.
  • n. same as communist, especially used of Russian communists.
  • n. anyone with communist leanings or sympathies; -- used very loosely in a derogatory sense by some people with economically conservative views.
  • adj. of or pertaining to Bolsheviks or bolshevism.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries
  • n. a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party
  • adj. of or relating to Bolshevism

Etymologies

Russian Bol'shevik, from bol'she, comparative of bol'shoĭ, large.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Russian большевик (bol’ševík), from большинство (bol’šinstvó), "majority"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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