from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A member of a people living in Chinese Turkistan until about the tenth century.
- n. Either of the two Indo-European languages of this people, called Tocharian A and Tocharian B, recorded from the seventh to the ninth century.
- n. A branch of the Indo-European language family consisting of the two Tocharian languages.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. An extinct branch of the Indo-European language family, consisting of two languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, written in an abugida derived from Brahmi.
- n. Any member of a people who inhabited the Tarim Basin and spoke Tocharian.
- adj. Of or pertaining to Tocharian or the Tocharians.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a branch of the Indo-European language family that originated in central Asia during the first millennium A.D.
In the language known as Tocharian A, śreŕ, “the stars,” were perceived collectively.
Later dubbed Tocharian A, the language was deciphered by two linguists at Germany's Gottingen University, Emil Siel and Wilhem Siegling.
Though no Tocharian texts were found in relation to the Tarim Mummies, it is now largely accepted that these European emigrants spoke a language known as Tocharian (the Chinese called them Yuezhi), which has proven to be close to the languages of western Europe.
We know of two (or perhaps three) different languages belonging to this branch, usually referred to as Tocharian A and Tocharian B. # [[Anatolian]].
We know of two (or perhaps three) different languages belonging to this branch, usually referred to as Tocharian A and Tocharian B. Anatolian.
And what of Tocharian which is surely one of the two earliest branches to separate from the common PIE community?
Local tongues, such as Tocharian and Khotanese, were still strictly oral at that time.
It has shown up in English but also in Albanian, Greek, Hittite, Sanskrit, and Tocharian B.
If we look at the span of Indo-European branches from Tocharian to Celtic, we can see that languages at the far edges of the Indo-European spectrum share features that were missing in the more centrally located ones, such as Slavic or Greek.
Among the extinct descendants of Indo-European are two well-attested main branches, Anatolian including Hittite and Tocharian.