from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Chiefly British A peddler.
  • n. Archaic A dealer or merchant.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a dealer or merchant, especially an itinerant one

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who buys and sells; a merchant; a buyer or a seller.
  • n. A peddler; a hawker.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A merchant; a trader; a dealer.
  • n. An itinerant merchant; a peddler.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. United States pioneer who planted apple trees as he traveled (1774-1845)
  • n. archaic term for an itinerant peddler


Middle English, from Old English cēapman : cēap, trade; see cheap + man, mann, man; see man.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English cēapmann ("dealer") (cognate with synonymous German Kaufmann, Middle Low German kopman, Swedish köpman), from cēap ("barter, business, dealing") (whence also cheap) and mann ("man"). (Wiktionary)



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  • "A chapman at a standard hatstand can hawk panama hats, canvas caps and tartan tams."
    Eunoia by Christian Bök (upgraded edition), p 20

    May 20, 2010