Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To correct by punishment or reproof; take to task.
  • transitive v. To restrain; subdue: chasten a proud spirit.
  • transitive v. To rid of excess; refine or purify: chasten a careless writing style.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To punish (in order to bring about improvement in behavior, attitude, etc.); to restrain, moderate
  • v. To make chaste; to purify.
  • v. To punish or reprimand for the sake of improvement; to discipline.
  • v. To render humble or restrained.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transitive v. To correct by punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline.
  • transitive v. To purify from errors or faults; to refine.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To inflict pain, trouble, or affliction on for the purpose of reclaiming from evil; correct; chastise; punish: formerly of corporal punishment, but now, chiefly with a moral reference, of disciplinary affliction.
  • To purify by discipline, as the taste; refine; make chaste: as, to chasten the imagination, the taste, or one's style.
  • Synonyms Punish, etc. See chastise.
  • n. See chesten.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. censure severely
  • v. correct by punishment or discipline
  • v. restrain

Etymologies

Alteration of obsolete chaste, from Middle English chasten, chastien, from Old French chastiier, from Latin castigāre; see castigate.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
chaste +‎ -en (Wiktionary)

Examples

Comments

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  • Belligerent fruit of the Lord of Astray, go to hell!

    April 7, 2011

  • No chastening seems to be joyful for the present . . . ; nevertheless, afterward it yields the peaceable fruit of righteousness. — Hebrews 12:11

    April 7, 2011