from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A person owing loyalty to and entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or nation.
  • noun A resident of a city or town, especially one entitled to vote and enjoy other privileges there.
  • noun A civilian.
  • noun A native, inhabitant, or denizen of a particular place.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A native of a city or town, or one who enjoys the freedom and privileges of the city or town in which he resides; a freeman of a city or town, as distinguished from a foreigner or one not entitled to its franchises.
  • noun Any inhabitant of a city or town, as opposed to an inhabitant of a rural district; a townsman.
  • noun In a restricted sense, a person engaged in trade, as opposed to a person of birth and breeding.
  • noun A member of the state or nation; one bound to the state by the reciprocal obligation of allegiance on the one hand and protection on the other.
  • noun A private person, as opposed to a civil official or a soldier: as, a police officer in citizen's dress.
  • Having the qualities of a citizen; town-bred; effeminate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Having the condition or qualities of a citizen, or of citizens.
  • adjective obsolete Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a city; characteristic of citizens; effeminate; luxurious.
  • noun One who enjoys the freedom and privileges of a city; a freeman of a city, as distinguished from a foreigner, or one not entitled to its franchises.
  • noun An inhabitant of a city; a townsman.
  • noun A person, native or naturalized, of either sex, who owes allegiance to a government, and is entitled to reciprocal protection from it.
  • noun One who is domiciled in a country, and who is a citizen, though neither native nor naturalized, in such a sense that he takes his legal status from such country.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A person that is legally recognized as a member of a state, with associated rights and obligations.
  • noun dated A member of a state that is not a monarchy; used as antonym to subject.
  • noun A person that is a legally recognized resident of a city or town.
  • noun A resident of any particular place to which the subject feels to belong.
  • noun A civilian, as opposed to a soldier, police officer etc.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English citisein, from Anglo-Norman citesein, alteration (perhaps influenced by dainzain, denizen) of Old French citeain, from cite, city; see city.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Anglo-Norman, from Old French citezein (spelling altered by influence of denizen), from Old French citeain (Modern French citoyen), from cite ("settlement (regardless of size), later meaning cathedral town") (Modern French cité, English city), from citet, from Latin civitas ("citizenship, community of citizens"), from civis ("townsman, citizen") (English civil, civilian), from Proto-Indo-European *kei- (“to lie, homestead”).


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  • Give us your tired,

    your poor, your huddled masses?

    Well, maybe next year.

    "Longer waits to become citizens," The Boston Globe, Jan. 25, 2008

    January 26, 2008

  • Food for thought:

    "Illegal aliens have always been a problem in the United States. Ask any Indian."

    Robert Orben

    January 26, 2008

  • Heehee.

    January 27, 2008

  • Not so heehee, reesetee. Some of us are in that queue to become citizens. The guvmint has taken my money, but my forms have entered the void.

    January 27, 2008

  • Sorry, sionnach--I was "heeheeing" about SoG's quote. Kind of a kick in the pants, in my opinion. As for the longer waits--no, not funny at all. :-(

    January 27, 2008