Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A military or naval court of officers appointed by a commander to try persons for offenses under military law.
  • n. A trial by such a military tribunal.
  • transitive v. To try by military tribunal.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. (military) A military court of law.
  • n. (military) A trial before such a tribunal.
  • v. To undergo trial in a military court.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A court consisting of military or naval officers, for the trial of one belonging to the army or navy, or of offenses against military or naval law.
  • transitive v. To subject to trial by a court-martial.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To arraign and try by court martial (as an officer of the army or navy) for offenses against the military or naval laws of the country. See court martial, under court.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. subject to trial by court-martial
  • n. a military court to try members of the armed services who are accused of serious breaches of martial law
  • n. a trial that is conducted by a military court

Etymologies

From martial court.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
court + martial (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Staff Sergeant Calvin Gibbs was back in court for a reopened Article 32 hearing, a military justice proceeding roughly equivalent to a grand jury session that determines whether a case gets referred to court-martial for trial.

    Reuters: Top News

  • Staff Sergeant Calvin Gibbs was back in court for the reopening of his so-called Article 32 hearing, a proceeding to hear evidence roughly equivalent to a grand jury session that determines whether case gets referred to court-martial for trial.

    Reuters: Top News

  • Many members of the unit are among the 28 witnesses scheduled to testify in the court-martial, which is expected to last into next week.

    NYT > Home Page

  • But under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, the presiding judge ultimately decides what charges to refer to court-martial and whether to impose the death penalty.

    Wired Top Stories

  • And McCoy’s vehement refusal to be carried made it clear to Spock that invoking command privilege in this instance would be futile; the doctor obviously found the idea of court-martial preferable to that of being carried by the Vulcan.

    Demons

  • Washington gave officers an extension to December 1 to fill their quotas, threatening trial by court-martial if they did not succeed.

    George Washington’s First War

  • Washington wanted Virginia to copy an act of Parliament of 1689, providing that mutiny, sedition, or desertion “should be punished with death or such other penalty as a court-martial might judge.”

    George Washington’s First War

  • Stephen rounded up all but six, identified the ringleaders, put them in front of a court-martial, and sentenced some to death and others to be “flogged severely.”

    George Washington’s First War

  • He had protested this to the Council, and it agreed that the governor should issue signed, blank warrants approving court-martial findings.

    George Washington’s First War

  • In early January, Washington approved the finding of a court-martial in the case of an ensign convicted of cheating at cards and suspended him from duty.

    George Washington’s First War

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