from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The elected chief magistrate of the former republics of Venice and Genoa.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The chief magistrate in the republics of Venice and Genoa.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The chief magistrate in the republics of Venice and Genoa.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The title of the chief magistrate of the old republics of Venice and Genoa.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. formerly the chief magistrate in the republics of Venice and Genoa


Italian dialectal, from Latin dux, duc-, leader, from dūcere, to lead; see deuk- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Venetian or Italian doge, from Latin ducem, accusative of dux ("leader, prince"). (Wiktionary)


  • A variant of duke was the medieval title doge, for the ruler of independent cities such as Genoa and

  • The Council of Ten referred to the doge as ίl vecchίo ίdίota— the old idiot—and they were so certain of his ineptitude that they never took a moment to look beyond the trembling hands and quivering chin which held steady enough when he dined alone.

    The Book of Unholy Mischief

  • Merchant of Venice or Venice, California) If you use a term like "doge", you get a few more, so perhaps poking around the search engine can shake more images loose.


  • There are no knickknacks or tchotchkes—just that marvelous old doge looming over the fireplace.

    Monastic Fantastic

  • Imperial officials were bound by strict rules designed to prevent disloyalty and corruption; even the doge was "expressly barred from accepting gifts of any value from a foreign agency."

    The Doges of War

  • "Plebeians, patricians!" cries Simon Boccanegra, the pirate turned doge of Genoa, in a plea for peace in the great council chamber scene of Verdi's elusive opera.

    Simon Boccanegra; 63rd Aldeburgh festival

  • Since then, despite union strikes at La Scala and two months out dealing with a medical crisis, Domingo has toured his doge to Milan, New York and now London, with Madrid to follow.

    Simon Boccanegra; 63rd Aldeburgh festival

  • Then the forty-five were once more reduced by lot to eleven, and the eleven finally chose the forty-one who actually elected the doge

    The most complicated electoral system

  • New regulations for the elections of the doge introduced in 1268 remained in force until the end of the republic in 1797.

    Archive 2008-05-01

  • Venice doge palace said ... venice is unbelievable.

    San Marco Clock Tower, Venice


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  • "Throughout the Exarchate of Ravenna the rebellious garrisons … chose their own commanders and asserted their independence. In the lagoon communities, their choice fell on a certain Ursus, or Orso, from Heraclea, who was placed at the head of the former provincial administration and given the title of Dux.
         "There was nothing especially remarkable about this last development…. What distinguishes Venice from the rest is the fact that Orso's appointment inaugurated a tradition which was to continue, unbroken, for over a thousand years; and that his title, transformed by the rough Venetian dialect into Doge, was to pass down through 117 successors before the Republic's end."

    – John Julius Norwich, A History of Venice (London: Penguin, 2003), 13.

    August 17, 2008