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The gadulka is a pear-shaped string instrument, played vertically in front of the musician.
It was amazing and touching, I had shivers in my spine when a girl no older than 13 was singing beautifully a traditional Bulgarian folk song called 'Мари Станке ле' with instrumental accompaniment of an accordion, two 'tamburas' (something like a banjo) and a 'gadulka' (something like a violin) played very well by youngsters.
There was also a drum, an accordion, a tavan (like a flute) and a gadulka (like a violin).
Conjunto Guantanamo; virtuosic Bulgarian gadulka / fiddle from Bulgarika member
I did tambura instead and fell in love, but sometime I will take a beginning gadulka class and begin that journey .... it's a long one.
Both the hardanger fiddle and the gadulka have sympathetic strings that vibrate while you play the other strings, so you don't play ALL those strings, but you DO have to TUNE them all -- that's the real pain -- UGH!