Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A bitter, aromatic gum resin extracted from an Asiatic plant (Ferula galbaniflua) or any of several related plants and used in incense and medicinally as a counterirritant.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A bitter, aromatic resin or gum, extracted from plants of the genus Ferula, that resembles assafoetida and has been used in incense and in aromatherapy

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A gum resin obtained from species of Ferula, especially F. galbaniflua and F. rubricaulis, of the desert regions of Persia. It occurs in the form of translucent tears, and has a peculiar aromatic odor and a disagreeable alliaceous taste. It is used in medicine as a stimulating expectorant and as an ingredient in plasters.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a bitter aromatic gum resin that resembles asafetida

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Latin, from Greek khalbanē, of Semitic origin; see ḥlb in Semitic roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin galbanum ("galbanum"), from Ancient Greek χαλβάνη (khalbanē, "galbanum").

Examples

  • The cypress and the galbanum bring a subtle woody note.

    Orange Blossoms

  • One eau de toilette from the line, Pucci's Sole 149, features the distinctive aroma of tomato leaves, galbanum, jasmine and other botanicals. $59 at www. sephora.com.

    Trend Report: Digital designs

  • I like galbanum, green, etc. ...but I haven't given up.

    One viscous, one vibrant

  • Maybe it was easy for me to love because I was expecting supreme strangeness, a galbanum slap, and then I got warm forest instead.

    One viscous, one vibrant

  • That's what it was like to sniff Silences, from the sharp but already layered opening through the dark green first layer and on into the galbanum earth to the very smooth remnants of extreme dry down.

    Archive 2009-01-01

  • It doesn't have the stand-up-straight chilly galbanum of No. 19 and its ilk.

    One viscous, one vibrant

  • I haven't even touched earth or galbanum yet, which I absolutely, positively must have, and could perhaps satisfy with a bottle of Jacomo Silences.

    one scent ... or many?

  • Brings together a couple of passions of mine, galbanum and dirt, on either end of a really fun deep dark dense evolution from one to the other.

    Archive 2009-05-01

  • Mind you, Elena picks up on the galbanum, which I tend to gravitate toward but do not find in this.

    Renewed Romance: Bois Blond

  • Notes of neroli (a flower oil), galbanum (a resin from some Asain plants), may rose, and irises from Florence finish with a chime of chypre with a subtle, woody vetiver (an East Indian grass).

    Archive 2009-05-01

Comments

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  • "Spices appear throughout the Old Testament, especially in the descriptions of ceremonies. One of the Lord's commands to Moses in the book of Exodus was to build an altar covered with gold to burn incense (Exodus 30). The altar itself should be anointed with holy oil made 'after the art of the perfumer' with myrrh, cinnamon, calamus, and cassia in an olive-oil base. The incense powder to be burned on the altar is also described: 'And the Lord said to Moses: Take unto thee spices, stacte (probably storax), and onycha (the shell of a Red Sea molusk that emits a strong scent when burned), galbanum of sweet savor (the resin of an Asiatic plant, ferula galbanitula), and the clearest frankincense' (Exodus 30:34). Exodus further instructs that these aromatics too are to be 'compounded by the work of the perfumer' and 'most holy shall this incense be unto you,' so holy that it is forbidden to use it for personal pleasure on pain of death or banishment."

    Paul Freedman, Out of the East: Spices and the Medieval Imagination (New Haven and London: Yale UP, 2008), 78

    November 28, 2017

  • usage on confectio Damocritis

    October 16, 2008