from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A wandering student in medieval Europe disposed to conviviality, license, and the making of ribald and satirical Latin songs.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A buffoon or jester; specifically, one of an order or class of inferior monks who attended on the tables of the richer ecclesiastics as professional jesters or buffoons.
- noun One of the writers of the satirical poems collectively known as goliardery.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun A buffoon in the Middle Ages, who attended rich men's tables to make sport for the guests by ribald stories and songs.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a wandering scholar in medieval Europe; famed for intemperance and riotous behavior and the composition of satirical and ribald Latin songs
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
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Reporting by Pascal Fletcher in Miami and Todd Melby in Minneapolis; Editing by Jackie Frank goliard at 12:30 PM August 29, 2011
We find the figure of the poor writer already in the medieval era, in the form of poet-clerics called “goliards,” who begged and sang ribald songs in taverns as they wandered from monastery to monastery.
What If You Can’t Afford “A Room of One’s Own”? – Electric Literature Sarah Rosenthal 2021