from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Anatomy A large, reddish-brown, glandular vertebrate organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity that secretes bile and is active in the formation of certain blood proteins and in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
  • n. An organ in invertebrates that is similar to the vertebrate liver.
  • n. The bile-secreting organ of an animal, used as food.
  • n. A dark reddish brown.
  • adj. Made of or flavored with liver: liver pâté; liver sandwiches.
  • adj. Of a dark reddish brown.
  • n. One who lives in a specified manner: a high liver.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A large organ in the body that stores and metabolizes nutrients, destroys toxins and produces bile. It is responsible for thousands of biochemical reactions.
  • n. This organ, as taken from animals used as food.
  • n. A dark brown colour, tinted with red and gray, like the colour of liver.
  • adj. Of the colour of liver (dark brown, tinted with red and gray).
  • adj. comparative form of live: more live
  • n. Someone who lives (usually in a specified way).


Middle English, from Old English lifer.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English lifer, from Proto-Germanic *librō. Cognate with Dutch lever, German Leber, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish lever (the last three from Old Norse lifr). (Wiktionary)
From live +‎ -er. (Wiktionary)
live (adjective) + -(e)r. (Wiktionary)



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