from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A marshy and unhealthy region lying along the sea-shore.


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  • ~marsh, miasma


    January 18, 2009

  • ~ Fertile, marshy land near the sea; refers to Italy

    ~ Latin: maritimus. See: maritime

    Maremma (mära-m`mä), coastal area in Tuscany, central Italy, along the Tyrrhenian Sea and extending E to the Apennines. A flourishing region in Etruscan and early Roman times, it became marshy and was largely abandoned in the Middle Ages because of malaria. Reclamation was begun (19th cent.) by the grand dukes of Tuscany and was continued in the 20th cent. by the Italian government. There are now wide fertile areas, rich borax mines, and good hunting grounds; cattle and a noted breed of horses are raised. Cities include Piombino (a port) and Grosetto (an inland agricultural center).

    The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia® Copyright © 2007, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press.

    January 18, 2009