from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In classical antiquity: A handkerchief.
- n. A handkerchief or scarf used in waving applause in the circus.
- n. A stole: replaced in the Western Church by the name stola about the ninth century. See orarion and stole.
- n. A scarf affixed to the crozier, in use as early as the thirteenth century.
- n. A Latin book of private prayer, especially that issued in England under Henry VIII. in 1546, or the one published under Elizabeth in 1560.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
From the thirteenth century the name orarium appears only in isolated instances.
This liturgical badge was called orarium on account of its similarity to the secular orarium both in shape and material, and in the way it was worn.
He had but one poor tunic for winter and summer; he wore no orarium, but used a leathern girdle like a monk; nor would he wear clerical shoes, but went barefoot or with sandals.
Deacons, according to the fourth Council of Toledo (633), were to wear a plain stole (orarium -- orarium quia orat, id est, proedicat) on the left shoulder, the right being left free to typify the expedition with which they were to discharge their sacred functions.
It is certain, however, that in both East and West a stole, or orarium (orarion) which seems to have been in substance identical with what we now understand by the term, has been from an early period the distinctive attire of the deacon.
The name "stole", as the designation of the orarium, is of
Thereupon is put upon him an alb, and also a stole (orarium) about his neck and before his breast as when a priest is wont to say Mass.
The bishop puts the stole (orarium) on the left shoulder of a deacon, and delivers a "ferula" to an archdeacon and archpriest, a "manuale" (book of sacraments) to a priest, and a staff and book of the Rule to an abbot.
The narrow scarf, called the stole or orarium, is one of the most ancient vestments used by the Christian clergy, representing in its mystical signification the yoke of Christ.
So the bishop's amictus represents his chastity as does his mitra. 46 The orarium represents the yoke and burden of Christ (as in, "my yoke is easy and my burden is light," Mt 9.28) which the bishop bears. 47 The tunica represents the focus of the bishop's mind and desires on heaven. 48 The pallium, as we have seen, signifies the bishops willingness and responsibility to take on the burdens of the weak and sinful members of his flock. 49 The manipulum represents the good works of the bishop, and the annulus marks the bishop as both the vicar of Christ and as representative of the bride of Christ, the