from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The view that all matter has consciousness.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The doctrine that all matter has a mental aspect. (Many panpsychists employ the qualification that only “true individuals” are animated; that is, that things like atoms, molecules, and organisms are animated as atoms, molecules, and organisms, whereas things like rocks, tables, and boots are not animated as themselves, although they do comprise animate elements.)
- n. A specific panpsychist doctrine or system.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The theory that all nature is psychical or has a psychical aspect; the theory that every particle of matter has a psychical character or aspect.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrine that the entire universe, or any least subdivision of it, has a mental as well as a physical side or aspect, and that the mental side stands to the physical (for instance, in the atom), precisely as human consciousness stands to the human body. Panpsychism may be monistic, reducing all reality to ultimate mental terms, or dualistic; and, if the latter, may receive an interactionist or a parallelistic interpretation. It is represented in ancient philosophy by hylozoism, has persisted in various forms throughout the history of philosophy, and finds acceptance among the moderns, for example, with G. T. Fechner.
I have in recent years come to the position that panpsychism is the best explanation we have of mind, matter, and spirituality, after pondering these issues for over 20 years.
Unfortunately, panpsychism is still not taken seriously by most scientists or philosophers.
Again, panpsychism is not an option in this scenario.
One has to note that transcendence may not mean separated from the universe (as implied by Biblical creation), and so process theology is well beyond what might be called Panentheism; the better word in panpsychism.
I'm willing to grant, for the sake of argument, that Jesus believe in panpsychism.
Except for the adherents of a strange doctrine known as panpsychism,* it would not occur to anyone to think things might be otherwise.
The problem with (2) is that it can't account for panpsychism, which isn't supposed to be a physicalist view.
a universal Consciousness that underlies all creation but does not have an individual identity, a view known as panpsychism;
In fact to adopt such "panpsychism" would sort of wind toe clock back, and give science a mystical twist that would really make, more than "coalesce", altogether collapse.
This view is called "panpsychism," and is the view that I characterized as "absurd."