from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or in the region of the kidneys.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Pertaining to the kidneys.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to the kidneys; in the region of the kidneys.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to the kidneys: as, a renal artery or vein; renal structure or function; renal disease.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. of or relating to the kidneys
Phenazopyridine (Pyridium) poisoning: possible toxicity of methylene blue administration in renal failure.
Renal function, as reflected by glomerular filtration rate and tubular secretion, decreases steadily with increasing age. 16 There is a 6-10 percentdecrease in renal function per decade after age 40, such that, even a healthy 70 year old male can have a 40-50percent decline of renal function. 7 Drugs which are cleared primarily by the kidneys will, therefore, take longer to be excreted.
The symptoms of kidney disease can be subtle — including trouble concentrating, lack of energy, nausea and poor appetite — so many people don't know they have a problem until they are in renal failure.
She is at severe risk for long-term renal complications, including end stage renal disease (ESRD), dialysis, and transplant.
Individuals fly into Newark and present to our hospitals in renal failure, or pregnant and ready to deliver.
The patient was a young woman in renal failure following obstetrical complications.
So also with many of the other problems that I have touched upon, in renal and electrolyte physiology, as related to pulmonary disease, in blood formation, the physiology of the respiratory center, and so on.
Because children with bilateral disease are at risk for developing renal failure, physicians must balance a desire to maintain long-term renal function with the goal of eliminating the cancer.
Background The long-term renal consequences of kidney donation by a living donor are attracting increased appropriate interest.
To determine these factors, we used a United States Department of Veterans Affairs database to ascertain long-term renal function in 113,272 patients.