from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Unleavened.
  • v. To need; lack.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To need; lack.
  • Unleavened.


From Middle English tharf (infinitive thurven; also thar, dar by confusion with forms of dare), from Old English þearf, first and third person singular indicative of þurfan ("to be in need, have need of, need to, be required to, be obliged to, owe"), from Proto-Germanic *þurfanan, *þurbanan, *þerbanan (“may, need to, be allowed to”), from Proto-Indo-European *terp-, *trep- (“to saturate, enjoy”). Cognate with Dutch durf ("(I) dare") (infinitive durven), German darf ("(I) must") (infinitive dürfen), Swedish tarva ("to require"), Icelandic þarf ("(I) need") (infinitive þurfa). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English therf, from Old English þeorf ("unleavened, fresh, skim"), from Proto-Germanic *þerbaz (“unleavened, simple”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terbh-, *(s)trebh- (“rigid, stiff, tight”). Cognate with Old Frisian therve, Middle Dutch derf, Middle High German derp, Icelandic þjarfur ("unleavened"). (Wiktionary)


  • The thar, tharf or thor cake also baked in the north of England – the word ‘thor’ is rooted in the Anglo-Saxon 'theorf' or 'tharf' meaning unleavened - is parkin by another name.

    Parkin (or Perkin or Tharf cake)

  • Theorf/tharf cakes were made of oatmeal and water and cooked on the griddle, the ingredients were enlivened at feast times by the addition of spices and sweetening originally honey.

    Parkin (or Perkin or Tharf cake)


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  • "dude, I totally tharf to barf"

    August 26, 2010