Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A limited region around a particular area; a vicinity.
  • n. A number of places situated near each other and considered as a group.
  • n. The residents of a particular neighborhood.
  • n. The state of living in a neighborhood; proximity.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A surrounding district; a neighbourhood.
  • n. The people of a neighbourhood.
  • n. The state of living near something; proximity, closeness.
  • n. the area where a crime was committed, a trial is being held, or the community from which jurors are drawn.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The place or places adjoining or near; neighborhood; vicinity.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The place or places adjoining or near; neighborhood; vicinity.
  • n. The condition of being a neighbor or of being neighborly.

Etymologies

Middle English vesinage, from Old French, from vesin, neighboring, from Latin vīcīnus; see vicinity.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French visenage, with reformation according to the original source, Latin vīcīnus ("neighbour"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • This shows that vicinage is not taken seriously by lawyers or judges.

    The Perfect Crime

  • Several other “rights” provisions also disappeared, including those asserting separation of powers, giving persons with religious scruples exemption from military service, and requiring that criminal trials be in the “vicinage” of the crime.

    Ratification

  • Joseph McDowell also said that none of the objections to Article III had been answered to his satisfaction, and trial by a jury of the vicinage or neighborhood, which the Constitution failed to secure in civil cases, “is one of the greatest securities for property.”

    Ratification

  • The Constitution assured that there would be jury trials in criminal cases, but even that provision raised concern because it failed to specify that the juries would be of the “vicinage.”

    Ratification

  • Trials, it said, “shall be by an impartial jury of freeholders of the vicinage, with the requisite of unanimity for conviction, of the right of challenge, and other accustomed requisites.”

    Ratification

  • By the ancient common law, the trial of all facts is decided by a jury of impartial men from the immediate vicinage.

    Patrick Henry vs. Max Baucus and ObamaCare

  • Now where there is no constituted judge, as between independent states there is not, the vicinage neighborhood itself is the natural judge.

    The Great Experiment

  • This principle, which, like the rest, is as true of nations as of individual men, has bestowed on the grand vicinage of Europe a duty to know, and a right to prevent, any capital innovation which may amount to the erection of a dangerous nuisance.

    The Great Experiment

  • The accused “shall enjoy” the right to a “speedy and public trial,” by an “impartial” jury of the vicinage; he must be told the nature of his crime; must be able to confront the witnesses; must “have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor” and the “Assistance of Counsel for his defense” art.

    A History of American Law

  • The civil law, like the right to trial by “an impartial jury of the vicinage”45 also preserved by the constitution, was too important to the people who mattered in New Orleans.

    A History of American Law

Comments

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  • Mr. Rochester to Jane:

    Yes--just one of your tricks: not to send for a carriage, and come clattering over the street and road like a common mortal, but to steal into the vicinage of your home along with twilight just as if you were a dream or a shade.

    - Bronte, Jane Eyre, Chapter 22

    October 28, 2009