from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • v. A past tense and a past participle of work.
  • adj. Put together; created: a carefully wrought plan.
  • adj. Shaped by hammering with tools. Used chiefly of metals or metalwork.
  • adj. Made delicately or elaborately.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Having been worked or prepared somehow.
  • v. Simple past tense and past participle of work.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • imp. & p. p. of work.
  • adj. Worked; elaborated; not rough or crude.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Worked, as distinguished from rough: noting masonry, carpentry, etc.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. shaped to fit by or as if by altering the contours of a pliable mass (as by work or effort)


Middle English wroght, from Old English geworht, past participle of wyrcan, to work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
The past participle of Middle English werken ("to work"), from Old English wyrcan (past tense worhte, past participle geworht), from Proto-Germanic *wurkijanan, from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ- (“to work”). Cognate with wright (as in wheelwright etc.). (Wiktionary)


  • I just get mad when people seem to think that farmers are on “welfare” subsidies and riding some kind of gravy train wrought from protectionism.

    Matthew Yglesias » Soda Lobbying

  • Even then, the maximum penalty that can be wrought is the forfeiture of the boat and her cargo (but emphatically not imprisonment of thecrew).

    The Volokh Conspiracy » What’s Going on With Turkey

  • Even then, the maximum penalty that can be wrought is the forfeiture of the boat and her cargo (but emphatically not imprisonment of the crew).

    The Volokh Conspiracy » What’s Going on With Turkey

  • Devotees of that icon will view any attempt to alter the universe with deep suspicion, and as flawed and tattered as it might be, there will be a very high bar set for anyone who tries to reshape -- or "reboot" -- the sacred world to prove that what they have wrought is truly an improvement on what came before.

    To Boldly Go...

  • On the other hand, here is a critique of imperialism wrought from the insatiable appropriation and repurposing of subordinate cultural material.

    GreenCine Daily: DVDs, 12/17.

  • It even had a name, set in wrought iron letters above the closed-in driveway doors: "Casona de Tzintzuntzan", "the manor house in the place where the hummingbirds gather".

    Renovating our Morelia house

  • I saw what the murderous, brutal regime of Saddam Hussein wrought on that country through his party and their fedayeen henchmen.

    Letters to the Editor

  • For others the prospect of the radical change which must be wrought is too heartrending to be contemplated and the comfort of the known is preferable.

    Some Views on South Africa's Future

  • The violence Einstein wrought on the common run of thought has been only approached by others.

    Albert Einstein: Appraisal of an Intellect

  • Going freely among the neighbors, and welcoming and helping them familiarly, the Wordsworths laid their own lives open to observation; and the mingled carefulness and comfort -- the good thrift, in short -- wrought as

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 07, No. 43, May, 1861 Creator


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