from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A city of western Germany on the Rhine River north of Bonn. It was a Roman settlement called Colonia Agrippina after A.D. 50 and passed under Frankish control in the 5th century. During the 15th century it flourished as a member of the Hanseatic League. Population: 990,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A city in northwestern Germany on the Rhine River.
From French Cologne, from Latin Colōnia Agrippīna ("Agrippine Colony"), a settlement founded by Agrippina, the mother of Roman Emperor Nero; colōnia ("colony") comes from colōnus ("farmer; colonist"), from colō ("till, cultivate, worship"), from earlier *quelō, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (“to move; to turn (around)”). (Wiktionary)