Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A cell, group of cells, or organism that is descended from and genetically identical to a single common ancestor, such as a bacterial colony whose members arose from a single original cell.
  • n. An organism descended asexually from a single ancestor, such as a plant produced by layering or a polyp produced by budding.
  • n. A DNA sequence, such as a gene, that is transferred from one organism to another and replicated by genetic engineering techniques.
  • n. One that copies or closely resembles another, as in appearance or function: "filled with business-school clones in gray and blue suits” ( Michael M. Thomas).
  • transitive v. To make multiple identical copies of (a DNA sequence).
  • transitive v. To create or propagate (an organism) from a clone cell: clone a sheep.
  • transitive v. To reproduce or propagate asexually: clone a plant variety.
  • transitive v. To produce a copy of; imitate closely: "The look has been cloned into cliché” ( Cathleen McGuigan).
  • intransitive v. To grow as a clone.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A living organism (originally a plant) produced asexually from a single ancestor, to which it is genetically identical.
  • n. A copy or imitation of something already existing, especially when designed to simulate it.
  • v. To create a clone.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. a group of organisms derived from a single individual by some kind of asexual reproduction; -- used mostly of microorganisms such as bacteria and yeast.
  • n. an individual organism containing a genetic complement identical to that of another organism, produced by using the genetic material from the second animal in a non-sexual reproduction process.
  • n. something virtually identical to another object.
  • transitive v. to make a clone from; to make identical copies of an organism by a non-sexual process of reproduction.
  • transitive v. to grow colonies of a microorganism by spreading a suspension of the microorganism onto a solid growth medium (such as in a Petri dish), at a concentration such that individual colonies will grow from single cells sufficiently well separated from other colonies so that pure cultures derived from a single organism can be isolated.
  • transitive v. to make large quantities of a segment of DNA by inserting it, using biochemical techniques, into the DNA of a microorganism, and growing that microorganism in large numbers.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In pathology, the condition of clonus.
  • n. Same as clon.
  • n. In the nomenclature of the spicular elements of sponges, one of the branches of a spicule: generally restricted to tetraxial forms.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction
  • n. a person who is almost identical to another
  • v. make multiple identical copies of
  • n. an unauthorized copy or imitation

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Greek klōn, twig.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek κλών (klōn, "twig").

Examples

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.