from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To declare positively or firmly; maintain to be true.
- transitive v. To support or uphold the validity of; confirm.
- intransitive v. Law To declare solemnly and formally but not under oath.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To agree, verify or concur; to answer positively.
- v. To support or encourage
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appellate court for review.
- transitive v. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; -- opposed to
- transitive v. To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction. See Affirmation, 4.
- intransitive v. To declare or assert positively.
- intransitive v. To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To state or assert positively; tell with confidence; aver; declare to be a fact; maintain as true: opposed to deny.
- To make firm; establish, confirm, or ratify: as, the appellate court affirmed the judgment.
- To declare or assert positively or solemnly.
- To declare solemnly before a court or magistrate, but without oath (a practice allowed where the affirmant has scruples against taking an oath); make a legal affirmation. See affirmation.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
- v. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
- v. say yes to
Middle English affermen, from Old French afermer, from Latin affirmāre : ad-, ad- + firmāre, to strengthen (from firmus, strong.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Old French afermer, affermer, from Latin affirmare, adfirmare ("to present as fixed, aver, affirm"), from ad ("to") + firmare ("to make firm"), from firmus ("firm"). (Wiktionary)