from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To offset; counterbalance.
- transitive v. To make satisfactory payment or reparation to; recompense or reimburse: Management compensated us for the time we worked.
- transitive v. To stabilize the purchasing power of (a monetary unit) by changing the gold content in order to counterbalance price variations.
- intransitive v. To serve as or provide a substitute or counterbalance.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To pay or reward someone in exchange for work done or some other consideration.
- v. To make up for; to do something in place of something else; to correct, satisfy; to reach an agreement such that the scales are literally or (metaphorically) balanced; to equalize or make even.
- v. To adjust or adapt to a change; often a negative, (harmful, or depriving) or undesired one.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To make equal return to; to remunerate; to recompense; to give an equivalent to; to requite suitably.
- transitive v. To be equivalent in value or effect to; to counterbalance; to make up for; to make amends for.
- intransitive v. To make amends; to supply an equivalent; -- followed by for.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To give a substitute of equal value to; give an equivalent to; recompense: as, to compensate a laborer for his work or a merchant for his losses.
- To make up for; counterbalance; make amends for.
- In mech., to construct so as to effect compensation for the results of variations of temperature. See compensation, 4.
- Synonyms Recompense, Remunerate, etc. (see indemnify), reward.
- To supply or serve as an equivalent; make amends; atone: followed by for: as, what can compensate for the loss of honor?
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. make payment to; compensate
- v. make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities
- v. do or give something to somebody in return
- v. adjust for
- v. make reparations or amends for
- v. make amends for; pay compensation for
Latin compēnsāre, compēnsāt- : com-, com- + pēnsāre, to weigh; see (s)pen- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare ("to weight together one thing against another, balance, make good, later also shorten, spare"), from com- ("together") + pensare ("to weight"). (Wiktionary)