from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A part considered in relation to the whole.
- n. A relationship between things or parts of things with respect to comparative magnitude, quantity, or degree: the proper proportion between oil and vinegar in the dressing.
- n. A relationship between quantities such that if one varies then another varies in a manner dependent on the first: "We do not always find visible happiness in proportion to visible virtue” ( Samuel Johnson).
- n. Agreeable or harmonious relation of parts within a whole; balance or symmetry.
- n. Dimensions; size. Often used in the plural.
- n. Mathematics A statement of equality between two ratios. Four quantities, a, b, c, d, are said to be in proportion if a/b = c/d .
- transitive v. To adjust so that proper relations between parts are attained.
- transitive v. To form the parts of with balance or symmetry.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A quantity of something that is part of the whole amount or number.
- n. Harmonious relation of parts to each other or to the whole.
- n. Proper or equal share.
- n. The relation of one part to another or to the whole with respect to magnitude, quantity, or degree.
- n. A statement of equality between two ratios.
- n. size
- v. To set or render in proportion.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The relation or adaptation of one portion to another, or to the whole, as respect magnitude, quantity, or degree; comparative relation; ratio.
- n. Harmonic relation between parts, or between different things of the same kind; symmetrical arrangement or adjustment; symmetry.
- n. The portion one receives when a whole is distributed by a rule or principle; equal or proper share; lot.
- n. A part considered comparatively; a share.
- n. The equality or similarity of ratios, especially of geometrical ratios; or a relation among quantities such that the quotient of the first divided by the second is equal to that of the third divided by the fourth; -- called also geometrical proportion, in distinction from arithmetical proportion, or that in which the difference of the first and second is equal to the difference of the third and fourth.
- n. The rule of three, in arithmetic, in which the three given terms, together with the one sought, are proportional.
- transitive v. To adjust in a suitable proportion, as one thing or one part to another
- transitive v. To form with symmetry or suitableness, as the parts of the body.
- transitive v. To divide into equal or just shares; to apportion.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The relation of one thing to another in respect to size, quantity, magnitude of corresponding parts, capacity, or degree.
- n. Specifically, the relation of one part to another or to the whole with respect to magnitude; the relative size and arrangement of parts: as, the proportion of the parts of an edifice, or of the human body. Commonly in the plural.
- n. Symmetrical arrangement, distribution, or adjustment; the proper relation of parts in a whole; symmetry or harmony.
- n. That which falls to one's lot when a whole is divided according to a rule or principle; just or proper share; in general, portion; lot.
- n. Form; shape; figure.
- n. In mathematics, the equality of ratios or relations; analogy.
- n. In music: The ratio between the vibration-numbers of two tones.
- n. Same as rhythm or meter.
- n. In arithmetic, the rule of three; that rule which, according to the theory of proportion, enables us to find a fourth proportional to three given numbers — that is, a number to which the third bears the same ratio as the first does to the second.
- n. See mixed.
- n. Synonyms See symmetry.
- To adjust in suitable relations; adapt harmoniously to something else as regards dimensions or extent: as, to proportion the size of a building to its height, or the thickness of a thing to its length; to proportion expenditure to income.
- To form with symmetry; give a symmetrical form to.
- To bear proportion or adequate relation to; correspond to.
- To divide into portions; allot; apportion.
- To compare; estimate the relative proportions of.
- In type-manuf., to adjust (a font of type) so that it shall contain the proper number of each letter, point, etc.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided by the magnitude of the whole
- n. harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)
- n. the relation between things (or parts of things) with respect to their comparative quantity, magnitude, or degree
- n. balance among the parts of something
- v. adjust in size relative to other things
- n. magnitude or extent
- v. give pleasant proportions to
Middle English proporcion, from Old French proportion, from Latin prōportiō, prōportiōn-, from prō portiōne, according to (each) part : prō, according to; see pro-1 + portiōne, ablative of portiō, part; see perə-2 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English proporcion, from Old French proportion, from Latin proportio ("comparative relation, proportion, symmetry, analogy"), from pro ("for, before") + portio ("share, part"); see portion. (Wiktionary)