from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Charitable dispensation of goods, especially money, food, or clothing.
- n. A share of money, food, or clothing that has been charitably given.
- n. Chiefly British The distribution by the government of relief payments to the unemployed; welfare.
- n. Archaic One's fate.
- transitive v. To dispense as charity.
- transitive v. To give out in small portions; distribute sparingly. See Synonyms at distribute.
- idiom on the dole Receiving regular relief payments from or as if from the government.
- n. Archaic Sorrow; grief; dolor.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To distribute in small amounts; to share out small portions of a meager resource.
- n. Money or other goods given as charity.
- n. Payment by the state to the unemployed.
- n. Sorrow or grief; dolour.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. grief; sorrow; lamentation.
- n. See dolus.
- n. Distribution; dealing; apportionment.
- n. That which is dealt out; a part, share, or portion also, a scanty share or allowance.
- n. Alms; charitable gratuity or portion.
- n. A boundary; a landmark.
- n. A void space left in tillage.
- transitive v. To deal out in small portions; to distribute, as a dole; to deal out scantily or grudgingly.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A part apportioned or divided out; portion; share; lot; fortune: same as deal
- n. In mining, one of the shares or parts into which a parcel of ore is divided for distribution among the various persons to whom it belongs.
- n. A portion of money, food, or other things distributed in charity; what is given in charity; alms; gratuity.
- n. The act of dealing out or distributing: as, the power of dole and donative.
- To give in portions or small quantities, as alms to the poor; apportion; distribute; deal: commonly with out: often implying that what is distributed is limited in quantity or is given grudgingly.
- n. Grief; sorrow; lamentation; mourning.
- n. Specifically The moaning of doves.
- n. In falconry, a flock of turtle-doves.
- n. In Scots law, malevolent intention; malice.
- n. A boundary; a landmark.
- n. The goal in a game.
- n. A strip of land left unplowed between two plowed portions; a broad balk.
- n. A part or portion of a meadow in which several persons have shares. See dole-meadow.
- n. A low flat place.
- To pare and thin (leather or skins).
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. money received from the state
- n. a share of money or food or clothing that has been charitably given
Middle English dol, part, share, from Old English dāl; see dail- in Indo-European roots.
Middle English dol, from Old French dol, deul, from Late Latin dolus, from Latin dolēre, to feel pain, grieve.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English dol, from Old English dāl ("portion, share, division, allotment"), from Proto-Germanic *dailan (“part, deal”), from Proto-Indo-European *dhAil- (“part, watershed”). Cognate with Albanian thelë ("portion,piece") and Old Church Slavonic (dola), (dilu, "part"). More at deal. (Wiktionary)
Ultimately from Latin dolor. (Wiktionary)