from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To pull up by the roots.
- transitive v. To destroy totally; exterminate. See Synonyms at abolish.
- transitive v. To remove by surgery.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To clear an area of roots and stumps.
- v. To pull up by the roots; uproot.
- v. To destroy completely; to annihilate.
- v. To surgically remove.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To pluck up by the stem or root; to root out; to eradicate, literally or figuratively; to destroy wholly
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To pull up by the roots; root out; eradicate; get rid of; expel; destroy totally: as, to extirpate weeds or noxious plants from a field; to extirpate cancer or a tumor; to extirpate a sect; to extirpate error or heresy.
- Synonyms To uproot, exterminate, abolish, annihilate.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. destroy completely, as if down to the roots
- v. surgically remove (an organ)
- v. pull up by or as if by the roots
Latin exstirpāre, exstirpāt- : ex-, ex- + stirps, root.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin exstirpō ("uproot"), from ex- ("out of") + stirps ("the lower part of the trunk of a tree, including the roots; the stem, stalk") (Wiktionary)