from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To reduce in amount, degree, or intensity; lessen. See Synonyms at decrease.
- transitive v. To deduct from an amount; subtract.
- transitive v. Law To put an end to.
- transitive v. Law To make void.
- intransitive v. To fall off in degree or intensity; subside.
- intransitive v. Law To become void.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To cut away or hammer down, in such a way as to leave a figure in relief, as a sculpture, or in metalwork.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To beat down; to overthrow.
- transitive v. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short
- transitive v. To deduct; to omit.
- transitive v. To blunt.
- transitive v. To reduce in estimation; to deprive.
- transitive v.
- transitive v. To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with.
- transitive v. To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
- intransitive v. To decrease, or become less in strength or violence.
- intransitive v. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail.
- n. Abatement.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To beat down; pull or batter down.
- To deduct; subtract; withdraw from consideration.
- To lessen; diminish; moderate: as, to abate a demand or a tax.
- To deject; depress.
- To deprive; curtail.
- To deprive of; take away from.
- In law: To cause to fail; extinguish: as, a cause of action for damages for a personal tort is abated by the death of either party.
- To suspend or stop the progress of: as, where the cause of action survives the death of a party, the action may be abated until an executor or administrator can be appointed and substituted.
- To reduce: as, a legacy is abated if the assets, after satisfying the debts, are not sufficient to pay it in full.
- To destroy or remove; put an end to (a nuisance).
- In metallurgy, to reduce to a lower temper.
- To steep in an alkaline solution: usually shortened to bate. See bate.
- To decrease or become less in strength or violence: as, pain abates; the storm has abated.
- In law: To fail; come to a premature end; stop progress or diminish: as, an action or cause of action may abate by the death or marriage of a party. To enter into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, and before the heir or devisee takes possession. Blackstone.
- In the manège, to perform well a downward motion.
- In falconry, to flutter; beat with the wings. See bate.
- n. Abatement or decrease.
- n. See abbate.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. become less in amount or intensity
- v. make less active or intense
Middle English abaten, from Old French abattre, to beat down : a-, to (from Latin ad-; see ad-) + batre, to beat; see batter1.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English abaten, (borrowed) Old French abatre ("to beat down"), from Late Latin abbatto, from ab- ("away") + batto, from Latin battuere ("to beat"). Cognates: French abattre (Wiktionary)