from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The jaw, especially the lower jaw.
- n. The cheek.
- n. The flesh under the lower jaw, especially when plump or flaccid.
- n. A fleshy part similar to a jowl, such as the dewlap of a cow or the wattle of a fowl.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. the jaw, jawbone; especially one of the lateral parts of the mandible.
- n. the cheek; especially the cheek meat of a hog.
- v. To throw, dash, or knock.
- n. a fold of fatty flesh under the chin, around the cheeks, or lower jaw (as a dewlap, wattle, crop, or double chin).
- n. cut of fish including the head and adjacent parts
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The cheek; the jaw.
- transitive v. To throw, dash, or knock.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The cheek.
- n. The cheek or head of a pig, salmon, etc., prepared for the table: as, jowl and greens is a Virginia dish.
- To strike or dash, as the jowl or head; butt; clash with violence, as horns.
- To scold; “jaw.”
- In coal-mining, to hammer on the coal for the purpose of ascertaining what thickness intervenes between two contiguous workings.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a fullness and looseness of the flesh of the lower cheek and jaw (characteristic of aging)
- n. the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth
Middle English chavel, chaule, jaule (influenced by joue, jaw or jol, head), from Old English ceafl.
Alteration of Middle English cholle (influenced by Middle English joue, jaw or jol, head).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English chawl, chavel ("cheek, jaw"), from Old English ċeafl, from Proto-Germanic *keblan (compare Dutch kevels ("jawbones"), Swiss German Chifel), variant of *kebran (compare German Kiefer), enlargement of Proto-Germanic *keban (compare Low German Keve, Keben ("jaw; gill") (pl.), Palatinate German Kife), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵebʰ- (compare Irish gob ("mouth"), Lithuanian žė̃bti ("to chew"), Czech žábra ("gills"), Avestan (zafar, "mouth")). (Wiktionary)
Middle English cholle ("wattle, jowl"), from Old English ċeole, ċeolu ("throat"), from Proto-Germanic *kelōn (“gullet”) (compare West Frisian kiel, Dutch keel, German Kehle), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷelu- (“to swallow”) (compare Irish in-gilim ("I graze"), goile ("stomach"), Latin gula ("throat"), gluttīre ("to swallow"), Russian глотать (glotatʹ, "to swallow, gulp"), Greek δέλεαρ (délear, "lure"), Armenian կլանել (klanel, "I swallow"), Persian گلو (galû), Hindi गला (galā, "neck, throat")). (Wiktionary)