from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of various fleshy fungi of the class Basidiomycota, characteristically having an umbrella-shaped cap borne on a stalk, especially any of the edible kinds, as those of the genus Agaricus.
- n. Something shaped like one of these fungi.
- intransitive v. To multiply, grow, or expand rapidly: The population mushroomed in the postwar decades.
- intransitive v. To swell or spread out into a shape similar to a mushroom.
- adj. Relating to, consisting of, or containing mushrooms: mushroom sauce.
- adj. Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth or evanescence: mushroom towns.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of the fleshy fruiting bodies of fungi typically produced above ground on soil or on their food sources (such as decaying wood).
- n. A fungus producing such fruiting bodies.
- n. champignon or Agaricus bisporus, the mushroom species most commonly used in cooking.
- n. One of the mushroom-shaped pegs in bar billiards.
- adj. Containing or being made of mushrooms.
- adj. Resembling a mushroom by shape or appearance.
- v. To grow quickly to a large size.
- v. To gather mushrooms.
- v. (Of a bullet) To form the shape of a mushroom when a bullet impacts a soft target.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An edible fungus (Agaricus campestris), having a white stalk which bears a convex or oven flattish expanded portion called the pileus. This is whitish and silky or somewhat scaly above, and bears on the under side radiating gills which are at first flesh-colored, but gradually become brown. The plant grows in rich pastures and is proverbial for rapidity of growth and shortness of duration. It has a pleasant smell, and is largely used as food. It is also cultivated from spawn.
- n. Any large fungus developing a visible fruiting body with a stem and cap, usu. of the basidiomycetes
- n. One who rises suddenly from a low condition in life; an upstart.
- adj. Of or pertaining to mushrooms.
- adj. Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth and shortness of duration; short-lived; ephemerial.
- intransitive v. to grow or expand rapidly.
- intransitive v. to grow so much and so rapidly as to change qualitatively; used with into.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A cryptogamic plant of the class Fungi: applied in a general sense to almost any of the larger, conspicuous fungi, such as toadstools, puffballs, Hydnei, etc., but more particularly to the agaricoid fungi and especially to the edible forms.
- n. An upstart; one who rises rapidly from a low condition in life.
- n. A small mushroom-shaped protuberance that sometimes forms on the end of the negative carbon in arc-lamps.
- Of or pertaining to mushrooms; made of mushrooms: as, mushroom sauce.
- Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth and in unsubstantiality; ephemeral; upstart: as, mushroom aristocracy.
- To elevate suddenly in position or rank.
- Having the form or shape of a mushroom or toadstool; formed like the segment of a sphere; said of valves, anchors, etc.
- To spread out at the top in a form resembling that of a mushroom; curve over at the top; curve down from the top like a mushroom.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb)
- n. fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi
- n. any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium
- v. pick or gather mushrooms
- n. mushrooms and related fleshy fungi (including toadstools, puffballs, morels, coral fungi, etc.)
- n. common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool)
- v. grow and spread fast
Alteration (influenced by room) of Middle English musheron, from Anglo-Norman moscheron, musherum, from Old French mousseron, from Medieval Latin musariō, musariōn-.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English musheron, musseron, from Anglo-Norman, from Old French mousseron, from Medieval Latin mussiriōnem, musariōnem, accusative of mussiriō, musariō ("mushroom"), of Germanic origin: French mousse ("moss") (—first applied to a type of fungus which grows in moss), from Low Frankish *mosa ("moss") or Old Dutch mosa "moss", akin to Old High German mos ("moss, bog"), Old High German mios ("moss, mire"), Old English mēos ("moss"), Old English mōs ("bog, marsh"), Old Norse mosi ("moss"), Old Norse myrr ("bog, mire"), from Proto-Germanic *musan, *musô, *miuziz (“mosses, bog”), from Proto-Indo-European *meus- (“mosses, mold, mildew”). Replaced native swamm ("mushroom") from Old English. More at mire (Wiktionary)