from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The countries of Asia, especially of eastern Asia.
- n. The luster characteristic of a pearl of high quality.
- n. A pearl having exceptional luster.
- n. Archaic The place on the horizon where the sun rises; the east.
- adj. Having exceptional luster: orient gemstones.
- adj. Archaic Eastern; oriental.
- adj. Archaic Rising in the sky; ascending.
- transitive v. To locate or place in a particular relation to the points of the compass: orient the swimming pool north and south.
- transitive v. To locate or position so as to face the east.
- transitive v. To build (a church) with the nave laid out in an east-west direction and the main altar usually at the eastern end.
- transitive v. To align or position with respect to a point or system of reference: oriented the telescope toward the moon; oriented her interests toward health care.
- transitive v. To determine the bearings of.
- transitive v. To make familiar with or adjusted to facts, principles, or a situation.
- transitive v. To focus (the content of a story or film, for example) toward the concerns and interests of a specific group.
- intransitive v. To turn toward the east.
- intransitive v. To become adjusted or aligned.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To familiarize with a situation or circumstance.
- v. To set the focus of so as to relate or appeal to a certain group.
- v. To point at or direct towards.
- v. To determine which direction one is facing.
- v. To place or build so as to face eastward.
- v. To change direction so as to face east.
- v. To change direction to face a certain way.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Rising, as the sun.
- adj. Eastern; oriental.
- adj. Bright; lustrous; superior; pure; perfect; pellucid; -- used of gems and also figuratively, because the most perfect jewels are found in the East.
- n. The part of the horizon where the sun first appears in the morning; the east.
- n. The countries of Asia or the East.
- n. A pearl of great luster.
- transitive v. To define the position of, in relation to the orient or east; hence, to ascertain the bearings of.
- transitive v. To acquaint with new surroundings or a new situation.
- transitive v. Fig.: To correct or set right by recurring to first principles; to arrange in order; to orientate.
- transitive v. Same as Orientate, 2.
- transitive v. To place (a map or chart) so that its east side, north side, etc., lie toward the corresponding parts of the horizon
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Rising, as the sun; ascending; arising.
- Eastern. Also oriental.
- Resembling the dawn in brilliancy, brightness, or purity of coloring; bright; shining; pellucid; especially, as applied to pearls, of a delicate speckless texture, and clear, almost translucent, white color with subdued iridescence: opposed to occidental.
- n. The east; the part of the horizon where the sun first appears in the morning: opposed to Occident.
- n. [cap. or lowercase] With the definite article, the East; Eastern countries; specifically [capitalized], the region to the east and southeast of the leading states of Europe: a vague term, including Turkey, Persia, Egypt, India, etc.
- n. The peculiar luster of a pearl; a delicate speckless texture, with pellucid color and subdued iridescence, as in pearls of the first water.
- n. A pearl possessing such qualities; a pearl of the first water.
- To define the position of in respect to the east; ascertain the position of relative to the points of the compass; hence, to find the bearings of, in general; figuratively, to adjust or correct by referring to first principles or recognized facts or truths; take one's proper bearings mentally.
- To place or arrange so as to face the east — that is, with its length from west to east; specifically, of a church, to place so that the chief altar is at the east end — that is, to place with the long axis east and west, the apse being toward the east, and the chief entrance at the west end; or, of a corpse, to place with the feet toward the east.
- Hence To place or arrange, as a building, in any definite position with reference to the points of the compass: as, the episcopal cathedral of New York will be oriented north and south.
- In biology, to place (an organism) in a favorable position for study or description, or to treat it in reference to this position.
- To place (a map or chart) in such a horizontal position that a line joining any two given points on the map shall be parallel to the line joining the corresponding points on the earth's surface; literally, to make the east direction on the map point toward the east.
- An abbreviation of orientalist.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. be oriented
- v. adjust to a specific need or market
- n. the countries of Asia
- v. familiarize (someone) with new surroundings or circumstances
- n. the hemisphere that includes Eurasia and Africa and Australia
- v. determine one's position with reference to another point
- v. cause to point
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin oriēns, orient-, rising sun, east, from present participle of orīrī, to arise, be born; see er-1 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English orient, from Old French orient, from Latin oriens ("rising; as a noun, the quarter where the sun rises, the east, day"), present participle of oriri ("to rise"). (Wiktionary)