from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A cereal grass (Oryza sativa) that is cultivated extensively in warm climates for its edible grain.
- n. The starchy grain of this plant, used as a staple food throughout the world.
- transitive v. To sieve (food) to the consistency of rice.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Cereal plants (Oryza sativa) of the grass family whose seeds are used as food.
- n. A specific variety of this plant.
- n. The seeds of this plant used as food.
- v. to squeeze through a ricer; to mash or make into rice-sized pieces
- v. to throw rice at a person (usually at a wedding).
- v. to belittle a government emissary or similar on behalf of a more powerful militaristic state
- v. to harvest wild rice Zinzania sp.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A well-known cereal grass (Oryza sativa) and its seed. This plant is extensively cultivated in warm climates, and the grain forms a large portion of the food of the inhabitants. In America it grows chiefly on low, moist land, which can be overflowed.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The grain of the rice-plant.
- n. The rice-plant, Oryza sativa.
- n. Rice produced in India.
- n. Another spelling of rise.
- n. A collapsible hexagonal reel upon which a hank of yarn is placed for winding on a bobbin.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice
- n. grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished
- n. annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper
- n. English lyricist who frequently worked with Andrew Lloyd Webber (born in 1944)
- n. United States playwright (1892-1967)
Middle English, from Old French ris, from Old Italian riso, from Latin oryza, from Greek oruza, of Indo-Iranian origin.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English rys, from Old French ris, from Old Italian riso, risi, from Byzantine Greek ὄρυζα (óryza), ὄρυζον (óryzon). This is usually held to be a borrowing from Old Iranian (cf. Old Persian brizi, Pashto wrižē, Kurdish birinc), in turn probably borrowed from Sanskrit व्रीहि (vrīhí). The Sanskrit term is either a loan from Dravidian – compare Proto-Dravidian *wariñci (“rice”) – or, according to Witzel, borrowed from an unknown South Asian, possibly Austroasiatic, source, with the Dravidian word being an independent borrowing of another variant. Old Tamil அரிசி (arici), from earlier *ariki, is not the source of the Greek word, however, according to Krishnamurti (2003) apud Witzel (2009). In contrast, Witzel (1999) had maintained, following Southworth (1979), that the Greek term goes back to Old Tamil arici – itself from an older form *ariki, an early (ca. 1500 BC) borrowing from Munda according to Southworth (1988). (Wiktionary)