from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To infer (something) without sufficiently conclusive evidence.
- intransitive v. To make a guess or conjecture.
- n. An idea or opinion based on insufficiently conclusive evidence; a conjecture.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Thought, imagination, or conjecture, which may be based upon feeble or scanty evidence; suspicion; guess; as, surmises of jealousy or of envy.
- n. Reflection; thought; posit.
- v. To conjecture, to opine or to posit with contestable premises.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A thought, imagination, or conjecture, which is based upon feeble or scanty evidence; suspicion; guess.
- n. Reflection; thought.
- transitive v. To imagine without certain knowledge; to infer on slight grounds; to suppose, conjecture, or suspect; to guess.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The thought that something may be, of which, however, there is no certain or strong evidence; speculation; conjecture.
- n. Thought; reflection.
- n. Synonyms See surmise, verb, and inference.
- To accuse; make a charge against; also, to bring forward as an accusation.
- In old English law, to suggest; allege.
- To infer or guess upon slight evidence; conjecture; suspect.
- Synonyms Imagine, Guess, etc. (see conjecture); fancy, apprehend, mistrust.
- n. In old English law, a suggestion. See suggestion, 5.
- n. In ecclesiastical law, an allegation in a libel.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
- v. imagine to be the case or true or probable
- v. infer from incomplete evidence
Middle English surmisen, to accuse, from Old French surmise, feminine past participle of surmettre : sur-, sur- + mettre, to put (from Latin mittere).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French surmis, past participle of surmetre, surmettre ("to accuse"), from sur- ("upon") + metre ("to put"). (Wiktionary)