from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of a family relationship by marriage of a relative (or through affinity), as opposed to consanguinity; in-law.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Related by marriage; from the same source.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Related by affinity; derived from the same source: as, affinal tribes or products.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. (anthropology) related by marriage
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Kin networks, endogamy, and repeated affinal marriages were evident by the second generation, establishing patterns that persisted throughout the eighteenth century.
The settlers 'ability to make and sustain disparate claims depended on social relationships, so their decisions about when and where to claim land were predicated on both practical and affinal considerations.
Since according to the norms of virilocal marriage, no married adult woman lives in the muti of her father's family (and indeed might live a long distance from her natal home), the creation of a namesake bond with a younger woman presents a way to strengthen existing ties of blood or affinal kinship, and to foster a lifelong relationship of mutual affection and assistance that will, necessarily, stretch across geographic space.
Bestowing her name on the childcreating a namesakeestablished an enduring bond that complemented or stood in place of ties of blood or affinal kinship, since a midwife might be a female relative (usually an affine), a nsungukati 80 from a neighboring homestead, or a female member of the staff of a mission or state hospital.
This last label was consistent with the habit, in casual conversation, of calling a married woman (who formally keeps her own xivongo) by her husband's family name, a gesture of respect acknowledging her fulfillment of the social obligation to marry and the transfer of her place-identity from birth to affinal homestead according to the rules of virilocal marriage.
She had married in the tiko of her birth; there were few women in Facazisse with whom she could not claim kinship; and she was farming land she had obtained either from her husband's relatives or from the LC as an affinal owner of the land.
Cultivating the soil together in turn encouragedindeed, compelledwomen to deepen and formalize their interconnectedness by cultivating vuxaka (kinship) not only within existing networks of patrilineal and affinal relatives but, perhaps more importantly, among non-related female neighbors and friends.
In these cases, women had been able to exercise some degree of agency in determining where and/or next to whom they established field borders, with the result that they were farming among birth, affinal or fictive kin and construed their right to this land in collective rather than individual terms.
Albertina and Rosa were strangers to one another until the LC assigned them to neighboring plots, and they shared no blood or affinal kinship.
The second innovation was more dramatic and stemmed from an affinal connection dating back to Elena's adolescence.