Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Congenital absence of any pigmentation or coloration in a person, animal, or plant, resulting in white hair and pink eyes in mammals.
  • n. The condition of being an albino.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Congenital lack of melanin pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair or feathers (or more rarely only in the eyes); the condition of being albino.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The state or condition of being an albino: abinoism; leucopathy.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The state or condition of being an albino; leucopathy; leucism.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair

Etymologies

French albinisme, from German Albinismus, from Albino, albino, from Portuguese; see albino.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From albino (from Latin albus/alba via Spanish and Portuguese albo/alba, "white") + -ism. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • They have pink eyes and the albinism is caused by a melanin deficiency.

    New Office Dilemma

  • Besides, knocking out a pigment production pathway in a certain tissue is almost the most trivial mutational change I can imagine this is all it takes in albinism, which is caused by blocks anywhere in a series of proteins that produce the relevant pigments.

    A new (mis)take on an old paper - The Panda's Thumb

  • The dolphin's "stunningly pink" color is the result of albinism, which is indicated by its red eyes as well as its pink skin.

    Celebrity gossip juicy celebrity rumors Hollywood gossip blog from Perez Hilton

  • Connolly will be on Friday's edition of ABC News '"20/20" as part of a story on the mistreatment by some East African nations of people with albinism, meaning that they lack pigment in their hair, eyes and skin.

    Connolly featured in 20/20 report on albinism

  • Some disorders or conditions, such as albinism and sickle cell disease, are passed on from the parents to the children.

    Chapter 7

  • Looking to the cases which I have collected of cross-bred animals closely resembling one parent, the resemblances seem chiefly confined to characters almost monstrous in their nature, and which have suddenly appeared—such as albinism, melanism, deficiency of tail or horns, or additional fingers and toes; and do not relate to characters which have been slowly acquired through selection.

    IX. Hybridism. Hybrids and Mongrels Compared, Independently of Their Fertility

  • Looking to the cases which I have collected of cross-bred animals closely resembling one parent, the resemblances seem chiefly confined to characters almost monstrous in their nature, and which have suddenly appeared — such as albinism, melanism, deficiency of tail or horns, or additional fingers and toes; and do not relate to characters which have been slowly acquired by selection.

    On the Origin of Species~ Chapter 08 (historical)

  • Looking to the cases which I have collected of cross-bred animals closely resembling one parent, the resemblances seem chiefly confined to characters almost monstrous in their nature, and which have suddenly appeared -- such as albinism, melanism, deficiency of tail or horns, or additional fingers and toes; and do not relate to characters which have been slowly acquired by selection.

    On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life

  • I have collected of cross-bred animals closely resembling one parent, the resemblances seem chiefly confined to characters almost monstrous in their nature, and which have suddenly appeared -- such as albinism, melanism, deficiency of tail or horns, or additional fingers and toes; and do not relate to characters which have been slowly acquired by selection.

    On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. (2nd edition)

  • New opportunities have thus been created for an improved understanding of disorders or diseases such as albinism and malignant melanoma.

    Health News from Medical News Today

Comments

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  • Albino = NOT a favorite word. Convert it into an '-ism,' however, and you've got a favorite. Albinism! I love saying it. 'Al-bin-ism'

    April 13, 2007